Vestibular compensation is a process that allows the brain to regain balance control and minimize dizziness symptoms when there is damage to, or an imbalance between, the right and left vestibular organs (balance organs) in the inner ear. Essentially, the brain copes with the disorientating signals coming from the inner ears by learning to rely more on alternative signals coming from the eyes, ankles, legs and neck to maintain balance.
Each person is affected differently by dizziness and balance problems and you should speak with your physician for individual advice. This information on vestibular rehabilitation exercises is designed as general introduction for people with dizziness and balance problems aimed at reducing uncertainty and anxiety by providing clear, concise, accurate and helpful information. It is not a comprehensive list nor is intended to replace the advice from your specialist or individualized therapy treatment programs.
You should be assessed for an individualized exercise program to ensure you are doing the appropriate exercises. As a general rule, you should build up gradually from one set of exercises to the next, spending no more than one to two minutes on each exercise. Always rest in between exercises to allow your symptoms to return to baseline. You might find that your dizziness problems get worse for a few days after you start the exercises, but you should persevere with them.
The exercises may be recommended in bed, sitting, standing or when moving/walking on various surfaces.
Make sure that you are in a safe environment before you start any exercise to reduce the risk of injury. Do not complete any exercises if you feel that you are at risk of falling without safety measures in place to prevent injury.