What Is a Stroke?
A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or ruptures, which is also called a cerebral vascular accident. When blood flow to your brain halts, so does oxygen and nutrition which the brain needs in order to properly function. The seriousness of a stroke will depend on the duration of time of the blockage or rupture, which will determine how many brain cells will die. The damage to the brain cells may affect your ability to perform the following:
- Daily movement, including walking, driving, and using your hands
- Cognitive ability
- Speech and language
- Control the bowel, bladder, and other body functions
- Ability to fully care for oneself
There are two major types of strokes:
Ischemic Stroke: This type of stroke is the most common and is caused by an artery blockage, which eliminates blood flow to the brain. Blood clots are typically the main cause of an ischemic stroke.
Hemorrhagic Stroke: This type of stroke is caused by a blood vessel rupture or leak due to a weakened blood vessel. The brain will experience pressure due to the rupture or leak which will cause injury. Common causes of a hemorrhagic stroke can occur from an aneurysm or elevated blood pressure.
How Can a Physical Therapist Assist in Post-Stroke Recovery?
Physical therapy is a huge part of a successful recovery post-stroke. It is important to start physical therapy swiftly after a stroke and a custom-made therapy program can assist you with returning to normal activities. Therapy will begin with a comprehensive assessment of your health history and current condition. Once this is complete, your physical therapist will work with you on exercises to improve your balance, movement ability, utilizing movement devices, strength training and relearning how to fully use your body.
If you or a loved one has recently had a stroke, contact us at FYZICAL South Sarasota and we will help you return to everyday activites!